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Civil Procedure: Computing Sanctions on Two Offers of Judgment/Taxation of Costs re Private Process Server

Posted by Ted A. Schmidt | Feb 08, 2017 | 0 Comments

Orosco v. Maricopa County Special Health Care Dist., 757 Ariz. Adv. Rep. 11 (App. Div. I, February 2, 2017) (J. Johnsen)


Plaintiffs sued the defendant for medical malpractice and made an offer of judgment of $3,950,000 on December 13, 2013. On September 27, 2014, they served another offer of judgment for $3,949,999. Subsequently the jury rendered a verdict of $4.25 million and found defendant 99% at fault. The trial court calculated sanctions from the first offer of judgment including interest, $147,441.33 in expert witness fees and double the taxable costs. In so doing the trial court rejected the defense argument that the second offer of judgment nullified the first. The Arizona Court of Appeals affirmed in part and vacated and remanded in part.

Rule 68 of the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedures provides that when a party makes an offer of judgment and later  obtains a judgment in excess of the offer, the offeror is properly awarded, interest on unliquidated claims, expert witness fees and double the taxable costs from the date of the offer. The rule is silent on the effect of making more than one offer of judgment.

In affirming the trial court the  court of appeals noted that the purpose of rule  68 is to "promote settlement and to avoid protracted litigation. Permitting an offeror to make additional offers of judgment encourages the parties to continue to evaluate their cases as the litigation proceeds and thereby generally fosters settlement.” Accordingly, sanctions are appropriately calculated from the first offer of judgment.

Finally, while  A.R.S. section 12-332 (A)(1) does not specifically provide that costs of service of process are taxable, it does provide that fees of “officers and witnesses” are taxable costs. A.R.S. section12-3301(A) expressly states a private process server is an officer of the court. Accordingly, a private process server's fees for servicing a notice of claim and subpoenas are all taxable costs.

About the Author

Ted A. Schmidt

Ted's early career as a trial attorney began on the other side of the fence, in the offices of a major insurance defense firm. It was there that Ted acquired the experience, the skills and the special insight into defense strategy that have served him so well in the field of personal injury law. Notable among his successful verdicts was the landmark Sparks vs. Republic National Life Insurance Company case, a $4.5 million award to Ted's client. To this day, it is the defining case for insurance bad faith, and yet it is only one of several other multi-million dollar jury judgments won by Ted during his career. He is certified by the State Bar of Arizona as a specialist in "wrongful death and bodily injury litigation".


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